DENTAL PROTHESIS (TOTAL)
In total prostheses, lip and cheek fullness can be provided with a prosthesis and a younger facial appearance can be achieved.
DENTAL PROTHESIS (TOTAL)
Total or in other name prostheses, in all cases where loss of teeth occurs because of cavities, trauma, bone loss the teeth, then they are replaced by artificially or with new ones and they are called mobile and removable prostheses which located by the support from upper and lower jaw and provides the treatment of patient in aesthetic, function, speech and psychological manners. In total prostheses, lip and cheek fullness can be provided with a prosthesis and a younger facial appearance can be achieved. The prostheses are basically divided into two as fixed and moving (insertion – subtraction).
1. Fixed Prosthesis:
It is the process of replacing the teeth with missing or excessive substance loss by using materials similar to the color and texture. In patients with missing posterior teeth, and metal-backed porcelain or more durable infrastructures (zirconium-monolithic zirconium) are generally used. They are also easily used in the front areas. This process is done by removing the minimum material from the teeth and with special adhesives porcelain is adhered to tooth.
2. Mobile Prosthesis:
They are removable prosthesis which can be removed and replaced instead of missing teeth. It is being applied to mouths where all teeth are missing. Although we usually refer patients to fixed and implant applications, for some reasons (such as health, bone resorption, economic) patients may have to prefer moving prostheses. In addition to placing, there are many different methods in prostheses. There are many mobile prosthesis types such as hook, implant retained, implant supported (fix – removable) and telescopic.
Implant Supported Prosthesis:
They are full prosthesis prepared by implanting the implant in the jawbone of the patients who have lost all their teeth. It is like their own teeth and is easily preferred.
The first use of total prosthesis and its problems
The patient’s first encounter with a total prosthesis can be quite troublesome. Especially the patient does not know how to use it and the oral tissues are not ready for prosthesis are the most important reasons for these problems. Your new prosthesis will be unfamiliar and large in your mouth. Although eating with total prostheses is difficult at first, you can eat easily after a short time. Initially, chewing should be done on both sides with soft and small loaves. Lower prosthesis will move more and move out. Getting used to the lower prosthesis is harder than getting used to the upper prosthesis and takes longer. It is normal to bite the tongue, lip and cheek. There may be problems in the voices due to the fact that the tongue cannot get used to the prosthesis, but over time, these sounds recover.
When the prosthesis is first inserted, the prosthesis edges may have difficulty in the first few days because of contact to the places that muscles fill. Then the muscles get used to the prosthesis and it has an effect of increasing the retention of the prosthesis. The prostheses must be inserted for 24 hours during the first few days to adapt to the tissues. Later it should be removed at night. Patients who do not want to remove it are recommended to remove a few hours during the day. Prosthetic adhesives can be used in prosthesis with few bone support. There is no drawback to use when it is cleaned every evening and new adhesive is applied every morning.
How is total prothesis cleaned?
The prosthesis is cleaned with a denture cleaning brush after each meal. Clean the prosthesis with paste or cleaning tablets. Generally, the errors are to wash the prosthesis with bleach and put into hot water. This can damage it a lot.